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Online Journal of World Philosophies

Cover Confluence Heft 4

Issue 4

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Mission Statement

Confluence: Online Journal of World Philosophies is a bi-annual, peer-reviewed, international journal dedicated to comparative thought. It seeks to explore common spaces and differences between philosophical traditions in a global context. Without postulating cultures as monolithic, homogenous, or segregated wholes, it aspires to address key philosophical issues which bear on specific methodological, epistemological, hermeneutic, ethical, social, and political questions in comparative thought.
Confluence aims to develop the contours of a philosophical understanding not subservient to dominant paradigms and provide a platform for diverse philosophical voices, including those long silenced by dominant academic discourses and institutions. Confluence also endeavors to serve as a juncture where specific philosophical issues of global interest may be explored in an imaginative, thought-provoking, and pioneering way. We welcome innovative and persuasive ways of conceptualizing, articulating, and representing intercultural encounters. Contributions should be able to facilitate the development of new perspectives on current global thought-processes and sketch the outlines of salient future developments.

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In general, European copyright specifications apply.
The editorial team does not necessarily endorse the views expressed by individual authors. Article copyrights are retained by article authors.
The logo copyrights rest with Prajakti Pai. Its use is only allowed when the name Prajakti Pai and the website www.confluence-journal.com are explicitly mentioned.


Manuscript Editor

James Garrison (University of Vienna, Austria)

Advisory Board

Robert Bernasconi (Pennsylvania State University, USA), Claudia Bickmann (University of Cologne, Germany), Anat Biletzki (Quinnipiac University, USA), Jonardon Ganeri (New York University, Abu Dhabi, UAE), Raghunath Ghosh (University of North Bengal, India), Peter S. Groff (Bucknell University, USA), Paulin Hountondji (Emeritus, National Universities, Benin), Heinz Kimmerle (Emeritus, University of Rotterdam, Netherlands), Michael Krausz (Bryn Mawr College, USA), Ram Adhar Mall (Jena, Germany), Dismas Masolo (University of Louisville, USA), Lorraine Mayer (Brandon University, Canada), Seyyed Hossein Nasr (George Washington University, USA), Frederick Ochieng Odhiambo (University of the West Indies, Barbados), Ryosuke Ohashi (Emeritus, Kyoto University, Japan), Henry Rosemont, Jr. (Brown University, USA), Ofelia Schutte (Emerita, University of South Florida, USA), Lenart Škof (University of Primorska, Slovenia), Georg Stenger (University of Vienna, Austria), Willie L. van der Merwe (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands / University of Stellenbosch, South Africa), Franz Martin Wimmer (Emeritus, University of Vienna, Austria)

Editorial Note

Confluence: Online Journal of World Philosophies seeks to initiate and sustain a dialogue between comparative philosophers working in and on diverse philosophical traditions. Towards this end Confluence endeavors to provide a forum for those voices that have, till date, been sidelined from mainstream philosophy. In an attempt at creating conditions that will enable and foster such a dialogue, the journal's editors believe that standard ways of doing philosophy must be reconfigured by innovative formats. Standard scholarly articles (subjected to double blind reviewing) will accordingly be complemented by symposia and autobiographical essays.
Symposia consist of scholars invited to engage in a dialogue on a topic relevant to comparative philosophy. The topic is set by the editors in close collaboration with the symposium's anchor. The anchor opens the dialogue with an Introductory Statement. In their commentaries, fellow symposiasts draw upon the philosophical tradition in which they specialize. The anchor in turn replies to these. Symposium papers are carefully edited by Confluence's editors. However, they are not peer-reviewed, the rationale being that the explicit lack of anonymity involved in this kind of dialogue is equally fruitful in producing papers of high quality. Symposia offer participants a unique opportunity to engage with the work of colleagues working on similar topics in a spirit of mutual learning and constructive criticism.
Autobiographical essays provide the opportunity for senior philosophers to reflect back on the trajectories of their philosophical lives. These essays provide a glimpse into the personal motivations leading them to pursue cross-cultural philosophy, both in their home countries and elsewhere. In the latter case especially, we hope the essays will reveal if and how integration into a foreign, academic system facilitated their turn to cross-cultural philosophy. We also hope these narratives will be useful to younger scholars pursuing careers in comparative philosophy.
The Editors            


You may contact us with queries, feedback, or suggestions by sending us an email to We also welcome suggestions for future symposia. If you wish to actively support our project, by for example peer-reviewing or refereeing submissions, please send us a short email with the following details: Name, Institutional Affiliation, Area of Specialization, List of Latest Publications.

Guidelines for Authors

  Guidelines for Authors


Cover Confluence Issue 4

Issue 4

ISBN: 978-3-495-46804-3
Publishing date: 2016/06/14

Show contents



Thinking Dialogically about Dialogue with Martin Buber and Daya Krishna
D. Raveh

Siddhis and Psi Research: An Interdisciplinary Analysis
S. Bhatt Marwaha

Brief Comments on »Siddhis and Psi Research: An Interdisciplinary Analysis«
E. Kelly

The Scientific Revolution and the Transmission Problem
A. Bala

On the Paradigm Shift of Comparative Studies of Heidegger and Chinese Philosophy
Lin Ma

Islam: Philosophy and Law-making
S. Nusseibeh


A Manifesto for Re:emergent Philosophy
J. Ganeri


On the Possibility of Rational Neutrality in Comparative Philosophy: A Response to Jonardon Ganeri
M. Abu Sway

Is Comparative Philosophy Based Upon a Mistake? A Reply to Ganeri’s ›Re:emergent Philosophy‹
P. Boghossian

What’s In a Name? In Support of A Manifesto for Re:emergent Philosophy
G. Stewart


Reflections on Re:emergent Philosophy
J. Ganeri

Exhibition Concept

W. E. B. Du Bois in the Ruins of the Warsaw Ghetto: Notes on the Relations of ›Race‹ and ›Racism‹
W. D. Hund
Video of the original presentation in German

Discussion Article

Does Comparative Philosophy Have a Fusion Future?
M. Levine

Intellectual Journeys

On the Way to Intercultural Philosophy
M. Stepanyants [Stepaniants]

Philosophy on a Bridge
J. W. Heisig

Survey Articles

Virtues and Roles in Early Confucian Ethics
T. Connolly

Book Reviews

Atụọlụ ?mal?: Some Unanswered Questions in Contemporary African Philosophy, 2015
J. O. Chimakonam (ed.)

Postkoloniale Theorie – Eine kritische Einführung, 2nd ed., 2015
M. do Mar Castro Varela, and N. Dhawan


S. Brentjes

Institutional Programs

»Light and Shadow« Summer School in Istanbul, 17–22 August 2015
Y. Ertem

Notes on Contributors

Cover Confluence Issue 3

Issue 3

ISBN: 978-3-495-46803-6
Publishing date: 2015/11/13

Show contents



Conversational Philosophy as a New School of Thought in African Philosophy: A Conversation with Bruce Janz on the Concept of ›Philosophical Space‹
J. O. Chimakonam

From Proto-materialism to Materialism: The Indian Scenario
R. Bhattacharya

Towards an Understanding of Islamic Ornament: Approaching Islamic Ornament through Ibn ʿArabī’s Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam’s Notions of the Ẓāhir-Bāṭin Interplay and the Ṣūfī Ḥayra
A. Smirnov

Relationships Between Early Modern Christian and Islamicate Societies in Eurasia and North Africa as Reflected in the History of Science and Medicine
S. Brentjes


How Are Histories of Non-Western Philosophies Relevant to Intercultural Philosophizing?

How Are Histories of Non-Western Philosophies Relevant to Intercultural Philosophizing?
F.-M. Wimmer

The Kantian Canon: Response to Wimmer
R. Bernasconi

Franz Wimmer’s Statement: A Comment
P. Hountondji

A Shawnee Reflection on Franz Wimmer’s »How Are Histories of Non-Western Philosophies Relevant to Intercultural Philosophizing?«
T. Norton-Smith

F.-M. Wimmer

Philosophical Journeys

Comparative Philosophy and I
H. Verran

Philosophy as Auto-Bio-Graphy: The Example of the Kyoto School
R. Ohashi

Survey Articles

Have We Got a Method for You!: Recent Developments in Comparative and Cross-Cultural Methodologies
L. Kalmanson

An Epistemological Turn in Contemporary Islamic Reform Discourse: On Abdolkarim Soroush’s Epistemology
H. Shadi

Conference Report

Asixoxe-Let’s Talk!, 1stand 2nd May 2015, SOAS, University of London, UK

Institutional Programs on Comparative Philosophy

The Center for East Asian and Comparative Philosophy (CEACOP), City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (SAR)
P. Ivanhoe

Non-Western Philosophy, University of Reading, Reading, UK
S. Sinha

The Center for Comparative Philosophy (CCP), Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
S. Um

Department of Philosophy, San Jose State University, California, USA
A. Jayprakash Vaidya

Notes on Contributors

Cover Confluence Issue 2

Issue 2

ISBN: 978-3-451-10350-6
Publishing date: 2015/06/05

Show contents



World Philosophies in Dialogue: a Shared Wisdom?
C. Zene

Approaching Shan Shui Art through Gadamer
C. Rentmeester

Conceptualizing Indigeneity and the Implications for Indigenous Research and African Development
G. J. Sefa Die

Indigenous Knowledge: An Engagement with George Sefa Dei
P. Henry

A Romantic Reading of the French ›Burqa Ban‹ : Liberty as Self-Expression and the Symbolism of Uncovered Faces in the French Debate on Full Veils
G. Gustavsson


Democratic Limitations on Diversity and Pluralism?
L. T. Outlaw (Jr.)


Negotiating ›Difference‹ in Indic Thought: Reflections on Lucius Outlaw’s Essay
A. Barua

Not a Flower of Equal Petals, But One of Distorted Growth
A. Schulherr Waters

Whose Equality? Response to Lucius Outlaw
M. Wenning

Reply: Response to Commentators
L. T. Outlaw (Jr.)

Philosophical Journeys

My Journey in Philosophy: Highlights
O. Schutte

Living Chinese Philosophy
R. T. Ames

Book Reviews

Person Properties and Candrak?rti’s Concept of Selflessness
A. Mattlage

Survey Articles

Comparative Philosophies in Intercultural Information Ethics
J. Bielby

National Context and Ethnocentrism
I. Šimko

Institutional Programs on Comparative Philosophy

Chair: ›Philosophy in a Global World /Intercultural Philosophy,‹ University of Vienna, Austria
G. Stenger

Philosophy and Religious Studies Program, University of Macau, China (SAR)
H.-G. Moeller and W. Franke

New Specialization in Political Thought at Central European University, Budapest, Hungary
M. Nagy

BA World Philosophies, SOAS, University of London, UK
C. Zene

›Non-Western/Comparative Philosophy‹ Program at Bucknell University, Pennsylvania, USA
P. S. Groff

Notes on Contributors

Guidelines for Authors

Cover Confluence Issue 1

Issue 1

ISBN: 978-3-495-46801-2
Publishing date: 2014/09/02

Show contents


Introducing Confluence: A Thematic Essay
M. Kirloskar-Steinbach/Geeta Ramana/J. Maffie


Intercultural Philosophy: A Conceptual Clarification
R.A. Mall

The Philosophical Roots of Racial Essentialism and Its Legacy
N. Zack

Hegel’s Eurocentric Concept of Philosophy
H. Kimmerle

Philosophizing in Africa: Problems and Prospects
A.G.A. Bello

Ground, Being, and Evil: From Conspiration to Dialectics of Love
L. Škof


Symposium: Does the Concept of 'Truth' have Value in the Pursuit of Cross-Cultural Philosophy?
H. Rosemont, Jr., J. Maffie, J. Maraldo, S. Thakchoe

Book Reviews

An Amazing Piece of Comparative Philosophy (S.B. Oluwule, Socrates and Orunmila)
H. Kimmerle

Survey Articles

Red Wisdom: Highlighting Recent Writing in Native American Philosophy
B.Y. Burkhart

Notes on Contributors

Guidelines for Authors